Rajasthan derives its strength in India because of the fact that the Royals of the nation formerly lived there. The Rajputs and Mughals have made imperial heritage and monuments which has led to the growth of the number of World Heritage Sites of Rajasthan. Here’s a list of the 7 best unknown world heritage or UNESCO heritage sites which, in our opinion, defines the culture and heritage of Rajasthan!
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1. Jantar Mantar, Jaipur
Jantar Mantar is listed on the World Heritage List and likewise has a collection of astronomical instruments erected by Rajput King Sawai Jai Singh in Jaipur.
The visitor center consists of 14 main geometrical devices for scientific use, similarly for tracking the location of stars around the sun, estimating eclipse, analyzing time, evaluating the decline of planets, and the celestial elevation which links the added advantage to the study of astronomy. The center is open from 9 am to 5 pm furthermore, the best time to visit is from December to March.
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2. Chittorgarh Fort, Chittorgarh
Chittorgarh Fort is one of the major UNESCO sites in Rajasthan. It was constructed by the Maurya dynasty in the 7th century. This fort was known as Chitrakut, after the name of Chitrangada Mori. Notably a Rajput lord who wrote Mewari on the ancient silver coins. It consists of 4 buildings in the palace, 3 monuments, 18 major temples, and 17 water bodies.
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3. Amer Fort, Jaipur
The Amer Fort was built by Raja Man Singh-I and stands strong, very next to the Maotha Lake, and is one of the most visited hill forts of Rajasthan. The Fort is 11 km away from Jaipur’s main city and is renowned for its Hindu artworks.
Jaigarh Fort and Amer Fort include a short tunnel corridor in case of times of conflict, was designed as an escape path to allow the king’s family members to go from Amer to Jaigarh Fort. Watching the light and sound show at the Amer Fort is also an excellent option.
Timings to visit the fort are from 8 am to 5:30 pm with a very minimal entry fee of INR 50 for Indians and INR 250 for Foreigners. accordingly the Light and Sound show also has a fee of INR 150 to 200 per person.
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4. Jaisalmer Fort, Jaisalmer
Fort Jaisalmer or Fort ‘Sonar Quila’ is Jaisalmer’s world-renowned tourist destination and has been given the title ‘Pride of Jaisalmer’. Rawal Jaisal, a king of the Rajput, built it in 1156 AD. In Rajasthan, this historic site witnessed several wars. Lakshminath Mandir, Merchant Havelis, Raj Mahal, and 4 grand gates are major features of the fort.
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5. Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur
The National Park of Keoladeo is an artificially controlled humidity zone. For this reason it is also one of the greatest bird habitats in the world. The park was built 250 years ago as a refuge for birds in 1972, it was classified as a national park in 1982, and finally in 1985, it was classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
It has grasslands, a wild forest, and a number of other different ecosystems. Also known as the Bird Paradise of Asia, almost 1 lakh people arrive every year at the Keoladeo National Park.
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6. Ranthambore Fort, Sawaai Madhopur
Chauhans constructed a fort atop Thambhore hill in the eighth century, surrounded by the sanctuary of nature. After the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan in 1192 AD, Muslim Ghurid Kings took control of Ranthambore. The Kachwaha Maharajas of Jaipur took control in the 17th century and remained within the state government of Jaipur till the independence of India.
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7. Kumbhalgarh Fort, Kumbhalgarh
With an 1180-meter high elevation, the magnificent Kumbhalgarh Fort contains 360 temples, such as the temple of Ganesh and Jain temples. After the Great Wall of China comes this wall with a length of 36 kilometers and stands second longest in the world. It is still undisturbed despite its approximately 700 years of age. It is open for tourists from 9 am to 5 pm and the entry fee is just INR 20 per person.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Rajasthan are more rare treasures and unknown sites that range from crowded cities to magnificent Mughal castles and palaces. These monuments testify about the glory and magnificence of bygone times and are the exact places that have a certain atmosphere and characteristic, which nowadays is practically unrepeatable.
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