Jantar Mantar was built by the Rajput King Sawai Jai Singh II in 1734 and is an astronomical observatory. Jantar Mantar Sundial is the world’s largest stone sundial in India. In India, it’s five of them, and the largest one in Jaipur is also listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site that every tourist must visit when taking a trip to Jaipur.
Jantar Mantar is one of the exemplary astronomical observatories located in the centre of Jaipur. The observatory is all pink, describing the pink city in the best way, with interesting stone structures that help to interpret the position of celestial bodies and calculate the local time.
Who made Jantar Mantar in Jaipur?
The World Heritage Site by UNESCO Jantar Mantar Jaipur attracts architects, mathematicians, historians, and geographers. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the founder of Jaipur city, has built many prestigious buildings in Jaipur City. He has exemplary political expertise and is also a scholar in subjects of Physics, Mathematics, and Astronomy.
Construction of the Largest Sundial
Jantar Mantar Sundial is the brainchild of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II and his chief astronomer Pandit Jagannath Samrat who has immensely contributed to influencing the design of Jantar Mantar. He built five observatories in different parts of the country, such as Jaipur, Delhi, Ujjain, Mathura, and Varanasi. The Jantar Mantar in Mathura is in ruins now, but the one in Jaipur remains the major tourist attraction.
When building the Jantar Mantar of Jaipur, he was commissioned by Emperor Muhammad Shah to rectify the astronomical calculations in the Islamic zij tables. To accomplish the task, he acquired astronomical data from the Persian and European nation study and interpreted the same to calculate the local time.
After years of extensive research and studying the gathered data, Raja Sawai Jai Singh constructed stone-made instruments to determine the position of planetary bodies to measure time. Jantar Mantar Sundial was built between 1728-1734, and its stone instruments are considered more accurate for determining the time than others.
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When to visit Jantar Mantar Jaipur?
The best time to visit the Jantar Mantar in Jaipur is noon. During noon, the sun is vertically above, which makes it easy to understand the process and interpretation of the reading of each instrument to calculate the local time.
Timings to visit Jantar Mantar Jaipur
Jaipur Mantar in Jaipur remains open from 9:00 AM to 4:30 PM on all seven days of the week.
Fees to visit Jantar Mantar Jaipur
The Entry Fee to visit Jantar Mantar is INR 50 per person for Indians and INR 200 per person for foreigners. Students can get a discount by showing valid ID proof to visit the observatory. So, for students the entry fee is INR 15 per person, and for International students, INR 25 per person.
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